Fashion Glossary 
 
C
 
Caftan: a ceremonial wrap presented by the Turkish to people they were honoring, usually to foreign ambassadors. Christian Dior translated this typically male garment into haute couture for females, which was quite popular.

Calasiris: white linen tunic-shaped robe, held in by a belt around the waist. Worn in Egypt and Ionia.

Calceus: a shoe reserved by Roman senators(calceus patricius), that had a low shoe but the straps reached quite high up the leg. Also the name for a half-boot covering the foot and sometimes the leg up to the calf.

Caleche or Cabriolet: a high hood with a stiff frame like a carriage roof was used to cover the high, built up hairstyles during the late seventeen hundreds.

Caliga: a short boot covering the foot and lower leg that was worn by Roman soldiers and centurions.

Cameleurion: hemispherical crown worn by the Caesars, then by the Byzantine Emperors.

Canezou: short chemise with or without sleeves, distinguishing feature was that it was tucked into a belt, where it stopped.

Cannons: half-stocking that became wider at the top where it was decorated with lace and embroidery, the ruffles fell over the top of the boot.

Capa: wide circular hooded cloak worn in Spain and France during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The name was during the Romantic period for evening cloaks.

Cappa Floccata: Round hat made of hairy material, worn by greek shepherds.

Cardigan: short military jacket named after Lord Cardigan. Worn by the British army during the Crimean war. Now style is often applied to sweaters.

Cardinal: seventeenth-century women's hooded shoulder cape.

Carmagnole: jacket worn by French Revolutionaries.

Carrick: a coat with one or more shoulder capes, worn by coachmen, although it was fashionable originally.

Cassock: a flared knee-length coat, with long or short slit sleeves which was worn in the seventeenth century for hunting, riding and battle.

Chaconne: type of ornamental neck ware made of ribbon that hung from the collar to the chest.

Chadder: indo-iranian shawl.

Chamarre: fur-lined sixteenth century coat, which was decorated with braid.

Chanel line: style consisting of the cardigan and straight or slightly flared skirt. Key elements of this style are the trimmings - buttons, braids, extravagant linings and pearls.

Chaperon: a wide hood with shoulder cape worn during the Middle Ages by men.

Chasuble: an outer garment, simply a round piece of fabric with a slit for the head usually without a hood. After the sixth century the chasuble became a purely liturgical garment.

Chelsea: this look is centered around King's Road in London England it is constantly changing and setting presedence for style elsewear. As it continuously changes it is impossible to define.

Chemise or Shift: simply a straight unbelted dress with varying sleeves and length.

Cherusque or Cherusse: name given to starched lace collarettes.

Chiton: originally a type of linen, then a tunic of that cloth, and then a tunic in any sort of cloth. Essentially an undergarment, held over both shoulders by a fibula.

Chlamys: short military cloak of ancient greece. It could be draped in various ways and held in place with a fibula.

Clavi: purple bands decorating the tunics of Roman dignitaries. Knights had two narrow bands in a criss-cross pattern, while senators had one thick band.

Coif: simple white linen hood, sometimes worn alone and sometimes worn as a base for a more elaborate headdress.

Combinations: several articles of under-garments rolled into one: chemise-drawers-pantaloons, bodice-pantaloons-petticoat.

Comperes: false waistcoat, consisting of two pieces of material attached to the edge of the bodice.

Conch: shell-shaped hat made from thin gauze-like material supported on a thin wire frame. Worn mainly by widows in the seventeenth century.

Cornet Hat: women's hat that was gathered at the crown and had a narrow brim. Popular at the end of the fifteenth century.

Courreges: in 1964 Andre Courreges introduced his "space age" collection. This consisted of short simple dresses, calf-length, square-toed boots, sleeveless or short-sleeved jackets. The style was dubbed "Courreges".

Corset: originally the name for an under-coat for men/women, then it replaced the bodice in the eighteenth century but it was more relaxed having only two busks, at the beginning of the nineteenth century the corset became lightly boned and by mid-century it had taken on the familiar form of the rigid cuirass that is associated with the name today.

Cote-hardie: a tunic worn by both men and women from the twelfth century to the fourteenth. It has been suggested that it was used as a dressing gown.

Coteron: short jacket.

Cravat: ornamental neckwear that is still present today although it has undergone numerous transformations over the centuries.

Crinoline: petticoats stiffened with horse-hair to enable the bell-like skirts of the early nineteenth century, that was eventually replaced with the bustle.

Crotalia: earrings worn by Roman women, which were made of several pear-shaped beads.

Cucullus: name given by Romans to the hood of working clothes.

Culottes: generally used to describe the divided skirt worn casually.

Cyclas: short shift worn in ancient and medieval times.

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