Textile Dictionary 
 
Manmade Fibres
 

Rated "Top 5% of the Web" by Point.

This month THE INTERNET CENTRE FOR
CANADIAN FASHION AND DESIGN
is sponsored by:
   NTG Clarity Telecom Inc.
  
If you wish to add a URL listing to this page or have any comments send a message to fashion@ntgi.net

Acetate
Fibre: Cellulose
Weave: Plain
Characteristics: Acetate, one of the first manufactured fibres is soft and has a crisp feel. It has the lustrous appearance of silk and excellent drapability. It is not a strong fibre, as it's resistance to abrasion is poor. It does resist shrinkage, moths, and mildew and does not absorb moisture readily. It's yarns are pliable and supple and will always sprig back to their original shape. It is fast drying and when heated becomes more pliable. Acetone and alcohol dissolve acetate fibres. Special dyes are required if it is be coloured. Today Acetate can be found in a variety of colours.
Uses: Organic solvents such as perfume and nail polish remover. Clothing, uniforms, lingerie, carpets, bathing suits, draperies, automobile upholstery, fillings for pillows, interlinings.
Back To Top

Acrylic
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics: It is manufactured fibres of acrylonitrile. It is a durable fibre with a soft, woolly feel. It has an uneven surface, making it different from most manufactured fibres. It comes in a variety of colours, and can be dyed easily. It is resistant to sun and chemicals.
Uses: Often used as a replacement for wool.
Back To Top

Aramid
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:This strong fibre does not have a melting point and is flame proof. It retains it's shape, even at high temperatures and is resistant to stretch.
Uses:
Back To Top

Asbestos
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:
Uses: Often used as a replacement for wool.
Back To Top

Charvet
Fibre:
Weave: Herringbone
Characteristics:
Uses: It is a soft, silky fibre with high luster and a warp face. It originated as a silk fibre but is now made of manufactured fibres.
Back To Top

Elastomer
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics: It is a synthetic rubber that can be stretched to at least three times itís original length. Once the exerted pull force is released, this fibre returns to itís original length.
Uses:
Back To Top

Glass Fibres
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:
Uses:
Back To Top

Latex
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics: Natural and synthetic fibres are made from this raw material. Natural Latex is a white milky emulsion.
Uses:
Back To Top

Manufactured Fibre
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics: Itís commercial use is still fairly recent. It was only one hundred years ago that Manufacture Fibres were utilized in this fashion, beginning with artificial silk in 1889. It is very flexible and versatile and can be cared for easily. It is wrinkly free, flame resistant and very comfortable.
Uses:
Back To Top

Metallic Fibres
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:
Uses:
Back To Top

Modacrylic
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:It is very resilient and soft. It retains it's shape and is resistant to chemicals, flames and abrasion.
Uses:
Back To Top

Nylon
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics: This manufactured fibre is very strong and is resistant to both abrasion and damage from many chemicals. It is elastic, easy to wash and is quite lustrous. It returns easily to it's original shape and is non-absorbent. It is fast drying, resistant to some dyes, and resistant to moths and other insects, water, perspiration and standard dry-cleaning agents.
Uses:Women's hosiery, knitted or woven lingerie, socks and sweaters, rugs and carpets, tents, sleeping bags, duffle bags, racquet strings, fishing lines, sails, tire cord, machine belting, filter netting, fish nets, laminates, and ropes.
Back To Top

Olefin Fibre
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics: It is very lightweight yet strong. It is resistant to abrasion, soil, stains and deterioration from mildew, and damage from chemicals. It is also quick drying and colourfast.
Uses: Various uses such as apparel, interior parts of automobiles, furniture and carpets.
Back To Top

PBI
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:Highly resistant to flame. When exposed to heat, is prone to low shrinkage. Has exceptional thermal and chemical stability.
Uses:
Back To Top

Polyester
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:It is an extremely resilient fibre that is smooth, crisp and particularly springy. It's shape is determined by heat and it is insensitive to moisture. It is lightweight, strong and resistant to creasing, shrinking, stretching, mel dew and abrasion. It is readily washable and is not damaged by sunlight or weather and is resistant to moths and mildew.
Uses: Vary, depending on blend.
Back To Top

Protein Base Fibres
Fibre: Cellulose
Weave:
Characteristics: This cellulose fibre is highly absorbent. Itís drapability and dyeability are excellent and it is fairly soft.
Uses:
Back To Top

Rayon
Fibre: Cellulose
Weave:
Characteristics: This cellulose fibre is highly absorbent. Itís drapability and dyeability are excellent and it is fairly soft. Rayon does have a tendency to shrink but does not melt in high temperatures. It is resistant to moths and is not affected by ordinary household bleaches and chemicals.
Uses:Clothing, draperies, upholstery, carpets, tablecloths, bedspreads, automobile tires, conveyor belts, hose.
Back To Top

Spandex
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics: It is an elastomeric fibre that can be stretched up to five times itís original length without being damaged. It is lightweight and flexible. It resists deterioration from perspiration, detergent ad body oils. It is characterized by itís strength and durability.
Uses: Main uses are athletic wear and foundation garments.
Back To Top

Sulfar
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:It is a nonconductive fibre that is retardant to flame. It has excellent resistance to a variety of damaging chemicals and severe temperatures. This high-performance fibre retains it's supreme strength, even in unfavorable conditions.
Uses:
Back To Top

Vivyon
Fibre:
Weave:
Characteristics:This is a non-toxic fibre with a high resistance to chemicals. It softens at low temperatures.
Uses:
Back To Top